Psychotherapy: There are a variety of psychological treatment strategies or techniques that can be used in
helping a person manage a particular problem. The type of "treatment" depends on the specific
problem and the specific needs and characteristics of the client. The initial appointment(s) is
critical to gathering background information in order to develop a detailed understanding of the
presenting problem. Following the initial assessment a decision can be made in collaboration
with the client to best determine what particular treatment approach is likely to be most helpful.
Although there are various psychological treatment approaches, Dr. Indenbaum generally
employs a more “solution focused” model that works with the client to develop practical
strategies to work towards improvement or resolution of the presenting concern. The emphasis
is on the utilization of “evidence based” treatment methods such as cognitive-behavioral
treatment for depression and anxiety disorders.
Specialized Psychological Evaluations: The psychological evaluation process is specifically
designed to address a particular problem or referral question. The process generally includes
extended clinical interviewing, administration of selected psychological tests, analysis of test
results and corollary information, and preparation of a final written report. The evaluation may
address such issues as diagnosis of psychological disorders or to better understand such problems
as anger control, anxiety, depression, or personality disorders.
Neuropsychological Evaluation: "Clinical Neuropsychology" is the branch of psychology that
concerns itself with brain functioning. Neuropsychological tests are used to measure areas
of ability such as thinking and reasoning, memory, attention, language ability, sensory and
motor skills as well as emotional functioning. The pattern of test results are then analyzed
and conclusions can be reached about brain functioning. The results often include a detailed
description of a person's strengths and weaknesses as well as specific recommendations about
rehabilitation or strategies to help a person cope with problem areas. Such evaluations may be
helpful in matters of medical-legal concern such as following an accident or injury where there
is documented or suspected brain injury. They are also used to provide objective information
regarding a person’s level of ability or disability, or to assess a person’s capacity to “return to
Pre-Surgical Evaluation: Prior to proceeding in with certain surgical procedures, surgical
programs/physicians often require a psychological evaluation. A person’s level of stress, coping
skills, attitudes towards their health, health habits, and other personal or emotional issues may
have significant effects on how they respond to a specific surgery. The goal is to improve the
likelihood of the patient having a positive outcome to the surgical procedure. The most common
surgical procedures for which doctors require a "Pre-Surgical Evaluation" are Bariatric Surgery
and Implantable Pain Management Devices. The assessment process includes completing several
questionnaires and a clinical interview. The results along with any recommendations will be
shared with the patient and a report forwarded to the referring physician.
Psychological / Custody Evaluation: Decisions regarding the visitation and/or custody of a
child or children are a matter of great concern to all involved. When all efforts to come to a
reasonable decision regarding the best interests of the child/children have been exhausted,
then referral to an independent and impartial professional may be required. The goal of this
evaluation is to provide the court with information so that the best decision is made regarding a
child’s welfare. As a prerequisite to beginning the assessment process a court order is required
which indicates that all parents or "adults acting as parents" will participate in the assessment.
It should be noted that the "traditional rules of confidentiality" that usually apply to persons
receiving mental health services do not apply in this situation. The evaluation process generally
includes multiple extended interviews with all involved adults in addition to the administration
of different psychological tests. The child is also interviewed and tests may be administered
depending on their age. Other persons who have knowledge about the situation that is relevant to
the assessment may be also contacted in order to obtain additional information.
Parental Competence Evaluation: This evaluation is usually requested by the court or on the
recommendation of an attorney. The goal of the evaluation is to assess a person’s psychological
health as it might affect their ability to care for a child or children. The evaluation will also
examine a person’s knowledge and judgment as this relates to child-rearing ability. The process
usually includes multiple clinical interviews, administration of select psychological tests, a
review of corollary information, and preparation of a written report.
Independent Psychological (Medical) Evaluation (IME): This term is generally used regarding
persons involved in the "Workers Compensation" system. When an individual has been injured
in a work-related incident and has received medical treatment or rehabilitation, an independent
evaluation of the person’s current psychological status may be requested. Physical injuries often
affect a person's emotional functioning. Over time, pain and disability may lead to depression,
anxiety, family stresses, and other problems that can in turn increase physical symptoms.
An "IME" generally includes a review of medical records, one or more clinical interviews, and
administration of selected psychological tests. Results of the evaluation are then shared with the
workers’ compensation carrier as well as the person’s physician or other involved health care
professionals when appropriate.